Weight loss or obesity surgery can be often a lifesaving experience for people who are morbidly obese and fail to lose weight with non-surgical options. So, what really goes during the obesity surgery would depend upon the kind of treatment you choose. Generally the patient loses up to 60 percent of their extra weight with the amount of six months or so. Getting an obesity surgery is a big decision to make since your lifestyle changes drastically, no more eating too much, no more extra calories, loads of physical activities and so on. These are important to retain the weight loss results after the obesity surgery. As we know obesity procedure is of different types then what really goes with these procedures would depend upon the chosen option. Let's check them out as under:
Image courtesy of Pinterest.com
Types of obesity surgery
The amount of things the surgeon does during the obesity surgical treatment would depend upon the choice of procedure, hence it is vital to explore the types of surgeries we have for the weight loss. There are three types of obesity surgery, which goes as under:
- Restrictive Obesity Surgery: This will restrict the food intake inside your stomach, which can hold at that particular time. These are known as the restrictive obesity or weight loss surgeries.
- Preventive Obesity Surgery: This procedure helps in preventing the digestive system of the patient from absorbing all types of nutrition you have in the food you consume. This is also known as malabsorptive surgery.
- Combination of Restrictive and Preventive Surgery: This type of surgery would have the combination of these two options.
What Happens during Restrictive Types of Obesity Surgery
Under this category of obesity procedure, you have two options called gastric banding and vertical sleeve gastrectomy. Both these surgical procedure have less space in the stomach for the right food after it get swallowed. During these procedures, the surgeon is seen using a small part of the patient's stomach in order to make a pouch inside at the end of the patient's esophagus which is a tube that connects stomach and mouth. This pouch simply holds just the half an ounce of the space over the shot glass. This fills up in no time and is seen emptying slowly via the narrow opening going to the larger part of the stomach. While in the case of gastric banding surgery, the surgeon is seen placing over a band over the top end of the patient's stomach. You can find two approved types of gastric banding devices and surgical procedures using the Lap Band and even the Realize Band.
What Happens during Preventive Types of Obesity Surgery
These types of surgeries are also called as the malabsorptive surgery procedures, which works on the principle of preventing the calories intake. In this kind of obesity treatment, the surgeon helps in either using a certain section off or seal the said portion of the stomach, which remains after the other section is removed. It tends to simply result over the greater and more consistent kind of weight loss solutions amidst the patients along with good amount of reduction related to the obesity and health issues.
What Happens during Combination of Restrictive and Preventive Types of Obesity Surgery
When the restrictive and preventive obesity procedure is clubbed together, then it is called as a “combination” procedure. During this type of surgery, the surgeon uses both the principles of restricting and preventing the intake of calories and nutrients, which means a certain amount of stomach is reduced and sealed by the surgeon using different options like open or minimally invasive option.
The surgeon adopts different principles in order to carry out the obesity surgery. Each type differ the tasks of the surgeons carried out for the weight loss results.